Wednesday, March 1, 2023


Kenny Fletcher, Chesapeake Bay Foundation, 804-258-1628 or
Erin Hillert, James River Association, (608) 239-2644 or
Tom Pelton, Environmental Integrity Project (443) 510-2574 or;

Henrico COUNTY and Conservation groups finalize settlement to Reduce sewage pollution

In an important step toward reducing sewage pollution to the James River and its tributaries, conservation groups and the County of Henrico have finalized a settlement agreement to reduce violations at the County’s Water Reclamation Facility and the system of pipes, known as the collection system, that send sewage to that plant. 

The settlement agreement requires Henrico County to invest $1 million in an environmental project that will reduce pollution and benefit Henrico residents. The County will also take numerous other actions to address sewage pollution and protect the health of Henrico residents, including substantially improving notification of sewage overflows near where people live, work, and play. 

This agreement is the result of concerns raised by the Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF), James River Association (JRA), and the Environmental Integrity Project (EIP) about decades of water pollution violations by Henrico County’s sewage collection system and treatment plant. In December 2021, CBF and JRA filed a lawsuit related to these violations in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. JRA is represented by EIP, and CBF is represented by its own in-house attorneys. 

The court dismissed the case on Feb. 28 after the conservation groups filed a motion to dismiss because a settlement was reached. In addition to the $1 million investment in environmental restoration, Henrico County agreed to modifications of its consent order with Virginia’s Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), which now requires Henrico County to:

  • Notify the public of sewage overflows from its collection system into waterways through a web-based map that is updated daily, and public outreach through door hangers and bill inserts; 
  • Accelerate construction of new filters at its wastewater treatment plant;
  • Ramp up sewer inspections, including through video inspections of sewer pipes and smoke testing;
  • Launch a problem sewer cleaning program; 
  • Consider a program to address sewage overflows originating on private property; and
  • Take into account the effects of heavier rainfalls due to climate change on Henrico’s sewage system. 

The 34-year-old Henrico County Water Reclamation Facility and its connected collection system have been subject to at least 40 violation notices and five different state consent orders since it began its operation in 1989. Raw sewage released into the James River related to these violations has posed a threat to the environment and the health of people who spend time on the water. 

Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF) Virginia Executive Director Peggy Sanner issued the following statement.

“This settlement is a big win for Henrico County residents, who will now benefit from a $1 million investment in environmental restoration to reduce pollution, better access to timely information on sewage overflows, and many other measures that will protect residents and the James River for years to come. Achieving these goals was the result of dedicated work by all participating entities, including the County of Henrico, CBF, JRA, and EIP.”  

James River Association CEO Bill Street issued the following statement. 

“This legally enforceable agreement ensures that the public will be better informed and protected from sewage spills and pollution violations. Additionally, we are pleased that all parties involved were able to reach agreement on projects that will benefit the James River and consider climate change impacts in future plans.”   

Environmental Integrity Project Deputy Director Jen Duggan issued the following statement: 

“The James River is such an historic and iconic waterway, it is great news that this settlement agreement will help reduce sewage overflows that pose a public health threat to kayakers and anglers. Henrico County’s new public notification system, improved inspections, and wastewater filters – among other steps – will all help the cause of a healthy and restored James River.”


 Editor’s note: A copy of the settlement agreement is available upon request. 

ABOUT THE JAMES RIVER ASSOCIATION: The James River Association is a member-supported nonprofit organization founded in 1976 to serve as a guardian and voice for the James River. Throughout the James River’s 10,000-square mile watershed, the James River Association works toward its vision of a fully healthy James River supporting thriving communities. The James River Association believes that “when you change the James, the James changes you”. With offices in Lynchburg, Richmond, Williamsburg, and Scottsville, the James River Association is committed to protecting the James River and connecting people to it. For more information visit